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Logistics words and expressions

Here are the definitions of several common words and expressions within the field of logistics.

Real weight, based on weighing measurement (kg).

International regulations governing the transportation of dangerous goods by road.

Products that do not tolerate cold conditions.

Arctic Railway Express – goods train running between Narvik and Oslo.

Barcodes provide clear, unambiguous identification of a product.

The barcode on the goods is read electronically throughout the transportation chain, and provides real-time information about the locations through which the goods have passed en route from sender to recipient. We call these “checkpoints” and they can be read by our tracking system. We usually pass through six checkpoints for goods transported via our terminal network and two checkpoints for goods delivered door to door without reloading.

Goods classified in accordance with international requirements for the transport of dangerous goods.

On delivery, the recipient signs for the shipment. We use a PDA (a small PC); the customer’s receipt and other information is online, which means that the recipient’s signature will be accessible on our web page a matter of seconds after the receipt has been signed. If the driver does not have a hand terminal available, the recipient must sign for the goods received on a receipt list. Receipts are made accessible online after 2 to 3 days.

Electronic Data Interchange, electronic transfer of business data between two computers in a standardized format.

The "language" of EDI notifications, i.e. a standard transfer format.

A Euro pallet (EUR pallet) is a standardized loading pallet Dimensions: 800 x 1,200 mm in accordance with NS no. 1532.

An unforeseeable and extraordinary event beyond the control of either party.

Groupage is the general term for all goods (except part loads).

A physical unit intended for transport, which contains one or more goods placed together or packed as one physical unit.

A reference number that provides unique identification of an individual shipment item.

Placing goods on board a mode of transport.

For goods that, due to their shape or the nature of their packaging, are difficult to stack or transport together with other goods, load metres are used as a basis to calculate carriage. A loading metre is a measurement conversion based on the cargo hold’s total height, length and breadth. Loading metres are stated in metres to one decimal place and denote the space the goods take up in the vehicle’s cargo hold in a longitudinal direction.

Information sent by e-mail/text/post to recipient confirming that goods have arrived.

Proof of delivery – evidence (in the form of a signature/receipt) that goods have been delivered.

One or more shipment items logically linked together for transport.

A physical unit calculated for transport that contains one or more products packed up as a physical unit.

Temperature-controlled products.

Tracking of parcels via the Internet or WAP-enabled cell phones.

See Track and Trace.

Removing goods from a mode of transport.

Haulage industry’s method of converting weight to volume. Calculation: Width x length x height in cm, divided by 1,000 to obtain dm3 (parcel volume). This volume is then divided by a conversion factor (usually 3.5).